Life In Beijing
The city of Beijing, capital of the People's Republic of China, has a long history spanning over 3,000 years. With the exception of two brief periods (the mid-12th century and from 1928 to 1949), Beijing has remained as China's capital.
Beijing has been the seat of power for Kublai Khan, the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, and the early Republic of China, to name a few. Beijing is both a city and a municipality; its area spans nearly 6,500 square miles. Its population is estimated around 22 million people, of which 30 percent are migrant workers from the countryside.
Beijing has classic architecture standing side-by-side with distinctive global design. It holds a number of China’s symbolic attractions, including the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Beijing Opera, Tiananmen Square, the Temple of Heaven, Confucius Temple, the Ming Dynasty Tombs, and The Great Wall of China, some 75 miles northwest of the city.
The language spoken in Beijing is Mandarin (“Putonghua” based on the Beijing dialect). Beijing is a transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads, and motorways passing through the city. Mountains surround it on three sides.
Beijing is surrounded by mountains.